Stamped From The Beginning, The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America by Ibram X. Kendi; 2016; $32.99; 515 pages; Nation Books, New York, NY: 978-1-56858-463-8; checked out from Multnomah County Library, Troutdale; 4/26/18-5/8/18 & 6/30/18-7/2/18

Why did I read this? I wanted to read a complete history of the United States racist ideas.  So many times I tended to think they began with the advent of slavery in the United States and that the racism was predominantly in the Southern United States.

Ibram Kendi shows how anti Black racism (and other isms)  predate even the founding of the United States.  He traces the racism using cultural touch points (people) to show how racist ideas we either cemented or fought against my multiple people in the history of the United States.   Cotton Mather, Thomas Jefferson, William Lloyd Garrison, W.E.B. Du Bois and Angela Davis are the people he uses to trace  the history of racism in the United States and show how prevalent is in the United States.  It would be interesting to see this book in another 10 or 15 years with chapters focusing on how racism in currently expanding its public face in the United States.  The most recent election seems to have released the Kraken of racism and it is trying to devour whatever gets in its way.  This book is a great teaching point and most of those who need to read it most will never hear of it.  This book makes me ashamed of some ideology that i have held in the past.